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Discover Your Personality Type and How to Enhance It with Personality Plus: A Free PDF Download by Florence Littauer

Personality Plus: How to Understand Others by Understanding Yourself

Have you ever wondered why you behave the way you do? Why some people are easy to get along with while others are not? Why some people seem to have it all while others struggle? The answer lies in your personality.

personality plus florence littauer pdf free download

Personality is the combination of traits that makes you unique. It influences how you think, feel, act, and relate to others. Understanding your personality can help you improve your self-awareness, self-esteem, and self-improvement. It can also help you communicate better with others and build stronger relationships.

One of the best books that can help you discover your personality is Personality Plus: How to Understand Others by Understanding Yourself by Florence Littauer. This book is a best-seller that has sold over one million copies worldwide. It is based on years of research and experience by the author, who is a renowned speaker, writer, and counselor.

In this article, we will give you an overview of what Personality Plus is all about. We will explain the concept of personality types and how they affect your emotions, work performance, and relationships. We will also show you how to take the personality profile test in the book and interpret your results. Finally, we will give you some practical tips on how to improve your personality and relationships based on your personality type. We will also tell you how to download the PDF version of the book for free.

What is Personality Plus?

Personality Plus is a system that identifies four basic personality types: Melancholy, Phlegmatic, Sanguine, and Choleric. These types are derived from the ancient theory of four temperaments proposed by Hippocrates, the father of medicine. According to this theory, each person has a dominant temperament that is determined by the balance of four bodily fluids: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.

However, Personality Plus does not rely on the outdated notion of bodily fluids. Instead, it uses a more modern and scientific approach that considers the behavioral patterns and psychological traits of each personality type. It also recognizes that each person has a combination of personality types, not just one. Therefore, it is more accurate and comprehensive than other personality systems.

The main purpose of Personality Plus is to help you understand yourself and others better. By knowing your personality type, you can learn about your strengths and weaknesses, your likes and dislikes, your motivations and fears, your goals and challenges. By knowing the personality type of others, you can learn how to communicate with them effectively, how to appreciate their differences, how to resolve conflicts, and how to build rapport.

The Four Basic Personality Types

The four basic personality types in Personality Plus are Melancholy, Phlegmatic, Sanguine, and Choleric. Each type has its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. Here is a brief description of each type:


The Melancholy personality type is the most analytical, logical, and detail-oriented of all the types. They are deep thinkers who value knowledge, wisdom, and perfection. They are also creative and artistic, with a rich inner life. They are loyal, faithful, and dependable friends who care deeply about others.

However, the Melancholy personality type also tends to be pessimistic, critical, and moody. They often suffer from low self-esteem and depression. They are easily hurt by criticism and rejection. They are also rigid, inflexible, and resistant to change. They have high standards for themselves and others that are hard to meet.


The Phlegmatic personality type is the most calm, relaxed, and easygoing of all the types. They are peacemakers who avoid conflict and seek harmony. They are also good listeners who are sympathetic and compassionate. They are faithful, loyal, and reliable friends who are supportive and cooperative.

However, the Phlegmatic personality type also tends to be passive, lazy, and indifferent. They lack motivation and ambition. They are also indecisive and procrastinate a lot. They have difficulty expressing their emotions and opinions. They are also prone to complacency and boredom.


The Sanguine personality type is the most outgoing, cheerful, and fun-loving of all the types. They are optimists who see the bright side of everything. They are also sociable and charismatic, with a great sense of humor. They make friends easily and enjoy being the center of attention. They are adventurous and spontaneous, always ready for new experiences.

However, the Sanguine personality type also tends to be impulsive, irresponsible, and immature. They often act without thinking of the consequences. They are also easily distracted and forgetful. They have difficulty focusing on tasks and following through on commitments. They are also superficial and insincere at times.


The Choleric personality type is the most confident, assertive, and ambitious of all the types. They are leaders who take charge and get things done. They are also independent and self-reliant, with a strong willpower and determination. They are goal-oriented and results-driven, always striving for excellence.

However, the Choleric personality type also tends to be aggressive, domineering, and intolerant. They often offend others with their blunt words and actions. They are also impatient and restless, with a short temper and a low tolerance for frustration. They have difficulty relaxing and enjoying life. They are also stubborn and arrogant at times.

How to Take the Personality Profile Test

In order to find out your personality type according to Personality Plus, you need to take the personality profile test in the book. The test consists of 40 questions that ask you to choose one of four words that best describes you in different situations.

The test is simple and quick to complete. You can do it by yourself or with someone else who knows you well. You can also take it online for free at

The Personality Profile Test

Here is a sample of the test questions from the book:





1. In a group project, I am more likely to be:





2. When I have a problem, I tend to:

Analyze it

Avoid it

Solve it

Share it

3. I prefer to spend my free time:

Reading or studying

Resting or relaxing

Planning or working

Playing or socializing

4. I am more comfortable with:

Rules and structure

Flexibility and harmony

Freedom and challenge

Variety and excitement

To answer each question, you need to choose one of the four words that best describes you in that situation. You can only choose one word per question. There is no right or wrong answer. Just be honest and go with your first instinct.

How to Score the Test

After you finish answering all the questions, you need to score the test by adding up the number of times you chose each letter. For example, if you chose A for 10 questions, B for 5 questions, C for 15 questions, and D for 10 questions, your score would be:









The letter with the highest score represents your dominant personality type. The letter with the second highest score represents your secondary personality type. The letter with the third highest score represents your tertiary personality type. The letter with the lowest score represents your quaternary personality type.

In this example, the dominant personality type is C (Choleric), the secondary personality type is A (Melancholy), the tertiary personality type is D (Sanguine), and the quaternary personality type is B (Phlegmatic).

How to Understand Your Personality Profile

Once you have your score for each letter, you can use the chart below to understand your personality profile. The chart shows the possible combinations of personality types and what they mean.

Personality Profile Chart

Dominant Type Description

Melancholy You are a deep thinker who values knowledge and perfection. You are creative and artistic, but also critical and moody. You are loyal and faithful, but also easily hurt and depressed. You need order and structure in your life.

Phlegmatic You are a calm and easygoing person who avoids conflict and seeks harmony. You are a good listener and a peacemaker, but also passive and indifferent. You are faithful and reliable, but also lazy and unmotivated. You need flexibility and peace in your life.

Sanguine You are an outgoing and cheerful person who loves fun and excitement. You are sociable and charismatic, but also impulsive and irresponsible. You are adventurous and spontaneous, but also easily distracted and forgetful. You need variety and stimulation in your life.

Choleric You are a confident and assertive person who takes charge and gets things done. You are independent and self-reliant, but also aggressive and domineering. You are goal-oriented and results-driven, but also impatient and restless. You need freedom and challenge in your life.

Secondary Type

Dominant Type Description

Melancholy-Phlegmatic You are a thoughtful and quiet person who prefers to work alone or in small groups. You are organized and meticulous, but also flexible and adaptable. You are sensitive and caring, but also reserved and detached. You need security and stability in your life.

Melancholy-Sanguine You are a creative and expressive person who enjoys both art and entertainment. You are imaginative and original, but also lively and humorous. You are romantic and passionate, but also moody and dramatic. You need inspiration and romance in your life.

Melancholy-Choleric You are a logical and decisive person who likes to plan and execute. You are analytical and strategic, but also confident and ambitious. You are diligent and persistent, but also demanding and perfectionist. You need achievement and recognition in your life.

Phlegmatic-Melancholy You are a gentle and peaceful person who values harmony and cooperation. You are diplomatic and tactful, but also careful and cautious. You are loyal and dependable, but also shy and timid. You need support and acceptance in your life.

Phlegmatic-Sanguine You are a friendly and pleasant person who likes to socialize and help others. You are agreeable and cooperative, but also cheerful and optimistic. You are warm and affectionate, but also easygoing and laid-back. You need companionship and fun in your life.

Phlegmatic-Choleric You are a practical and efficient person who knows how to get things done. You are calm and composed, but also assertive and determined. You are reliable and consistent, but also independent and self-sufficient. You need respect and authority in your life.

Sanguine-Melancholy You are a dynamic and enthusiastic person who loves to learn and explore. You are curious and adventurous, but also artistic and emotional. You are charming and charismatic, but also sensitive and vulnerable. You need excitement and variety in your life.

Sanguine-Phlegmatic You are a lively and likable person who enjoys both people and activities. You are energetic and spontaneous, but also relaxed and adaptable. You are humorous and witty, but also sympathetic and compassionate. You need freedom and flexibility in your life.

and ambitious. You are sociable and persuasive, but also competitive and dominant. You need challenge and recognition in your life.

Choleric-Melancholy You are a strong and determined person who likes to achieve and excel. You are confident and decisive, but also analytical and meticulous. You are independent and self-reliant, but also loyal and faithful. You need control and perfection in your life.

Choleric-Phlegmatic You are a steady and competent person who likes to work and produce. You are assertive and efficient, but also calm and relaxed. You are independent and self-sufficient, but also cooperative and supportive. You need responsibility and authority in your life.

Choleric-Sanguine You are a powerful and charismatic person who likes to influence and motivate others. You are confident and optimistic, but also energetic and spontaneous. You are independent and ambitious, but also sociable and entertaining. You need action and adventure in your life.

As you can see, each personality profile has its own strengths and weaknesses, as well as its own needs and preferences. By knowing your personality profile, you can better understand yourself and others, and improve your personality and relationships accordingly.

How to Improve Your Personality and Relationships

Now that you know your personality type and profile, you might be wondering how to use this information to improve yourself and your relationships with others. Here are some practical tips based on your personality type:

How to Improve Your Melancholy Personality

If you are a Melancholy personality type, you have many positive qualities that make you a valuable person. You are intelligent, creative, loyal, faithful, and dependable. However, you also have some areas that need improvement. Here are some suggestions on how to improve your Melancholy personality:

  • Be more optimistic. Try to see the positive side of things instead of focusing on the negative. Look for solutions instead of problems. Express gratitude for what you have instead of complaining about what you don't have.

  • Be more flexible. Learn to adapt to changing situations instead of resisting them. Be open to new ideas and experiences instead of sticking to your old ways. Try new things instead of staying in your comfort zone.

  • Be more sociable. Reach out to others instead of isolating yourself. Make friends with people who have different personalities from yours instead of avoiding them. Join groups or clubs that interest you instead of staying at home.

How to Improve Your Phlegmatic Personality

If you are a Phlegmatic personality type, you have many positive qualities that make you a valuable person. You are calm, relaxed, easygoing, peacemaker, good listener, sympathetic, compassionate, faithful, loyal, reliable, supportive, cooperative. However, you also have some areas that need improvement. Here are some suggestions on how to improve your Phlegmatic personality:

  • Be more assertive. Learn to stand up for yourself instead of letting others take advantage of you. Express your opinions and feelings instead of hiding them. Say no when you need to instead of agreeing to everything.

  • Be more motivated. Set goals for yourself instead of drifting along without direction. Take action instead of procrastinating. Follow through on your commitments instead of giving up easily.

  • Be more enthusiastic. Show interest in what you do instead of being indifferent or bored. Find something that excites you instead of settling for mediocrity. Have fun instead of being dull or serious.

How to Improve Your Sanguine Personality

sociable, charismatic, adventurous, spontaneous. However, you also have some areas that need improvement. Here are some suggestions on how to improve your Sanguine personality:

  • Be more organized. Learn to manage your time and resources instead of wasting them. Keep track of your tasks and appointments instead of forgetting them. Follow a routine instead of being chaotic.

  • Be more responsible. Learn to take care of your duties and obligations instead of ignoring them. Keep your promises and honor your commitments instead of breaking them. Be accountable for your actions and decisions instead of blaming others.

  • Be more disciplined. Learn to control your impulses and emotions instead of acting on them. Stick to your plans and goals instead of changing them. Follow rules and guidelines instead of violating them.

How to Improve Your Choleric Personality

If you are a Choleric personality type, you have many positive qualities that make you a valuable person. You are confident, assertive, ambitious, leader, independent, self-reliant, goal-oriented, results-driven. However, you also have some areas that need improvement. Here are some suggestions on how to improve your Choleric personality:

  • Be more empathetic. Learn to understand and respect the feelings and needs of others instead of disregarding them. Listen to others instead of interrupting them. Show appreciation and gratitude instead of criticism and arrogance.

  • Be more cooperative. Learn to work with others instead of against them. Seek consensus and compromise instead of imposing your will. Delegate and share tasks instead of doing everything yourself.

  • Be more respectful. Learn to treat others with dignity and courtesy instead of rudeness and hostility. Accept differences and diversity instead of judging and rejecting. Give feedback and advice instead of orders and commands.

How to Download the PDF Version of the Book for Free

If you are interested in reading Personality Plus: How to Understand Others by Understanding Yourself by Florence Littauer, you might be wondering how to get a copy of the book for free. The good news is that you can download the PDF version of the book online for free by following these simple steps:

  • Go to, a website that offers free PDF downloads of millions of books.

  • Type "personality plus florence littauer" in the search box and click on the search icon.

  • You will see a list of results that match your search query. Choose the one that has the cover image and title of the book you are looking for.

  • Click on the green "Download" button below the book image and title.

  • You will be redirected to a new page where you can preview the book before downloading it. If you are satisfied with the quality and content of the book, click on the green "Download PDF" button at the top right corner of the page.

  • You will be asked to enter a captcha code to verify that you are not a robot. Enter the code correctly and click on "Continue".

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